Lucca is a Roman city (consider the Piazza Anfiteatro) and is one of the capitals of the Tuscan Romanesque architecture style (exemplified by the Duomo, S. Frediano, S. Michele in Foro, etc.). This Tuscan style is from the 17th and 18th century Baroque and Rococo traditions, as well as the Napoleonic Era. In fact, Luisa Baciocchi, the sister of Napoleon I, was the Duchess of Lucca and spent most of her time there. Today, the historic center of Lucca is exclusively pedestrian and surrounded by mighty walls from the 16th/ 17th century. It’s known for the beautiful views of the city and access to its monuments and churches, in which you can enjoy from its 4km tree-lined path, both on foot and bicycle. For those traveling by car, there are extensive parking spaces outside the walls.
Lucca is known for many things, one being its renowned XVIII century opera house, the Theater of Giglio. Concerts are held there alongside Operas in the winter season. Every September/October there is the Lucchese Autumn Festival, an occasion for costumes, parades, exhibitions, concerts, games in the squares, and more. Lucca is also the home of the International Comics Show, held the first week of November. Every third Saturday and Sunday of the month hosts the Lucca Antiquarian Market, one of the most beautiful and important antiques markets in Tuscany.
In Spring there is the Murabilia: an exhibition market of quality gardening. It is one of the more important Italian events dedicated to flowers, plants and all things gardening. It takes place every year in the first weekend of September, among the incomparable setting of the walls of Lucca on the San Regolo ramparts, La Libertà, in the Botanical Garden and in the basements of the walls.